RESOURCES | Mental Health Instruments in non-English Languages

General Perceived Self-Efficacy Scale (GSE)
The Generalized Self-Efficacy Scale is a 10-item psychometric scale designed to assess optimistic self-beliefs to cope with a variety of difficult demands in life. The scale has been used in many studies with ten thousands of participants. In contrast to other scales that were designed to assess optimism, this one explicitly refers to personal agency, i.e., the belief that one's actions are responsible for successful outcomes. The scale is available in 29 languages.

Hamilton Scale: Greek version from Psycho MedNet HELLAS
Mednet Hellas is a project of the Athens Medical Society which aims to offer information services to Greek Medical professionals, advance the communication between Greek doctors wherever they live and practice and promoting Greek Medicine all over the World.
Note: No foreign fonts are necessary, but you will need to download the latest version of Adobe Acrobat Reader to view and print the documents.

Kessler 10 measure
The Kessler (K10) measure is a 10-item self-report questionnaire intended to yield a global measure of "psychological distress" based on questions about the level of anxiety and depressive symptoms in the most recent 4-week period.  The Kessler 10 brochure provides information about the Kessler 10 questionnaire. Both are available in 14 languages.

Mental health instruments in non-English languages: Research literature
A VTPU project to identify translations of psychiatric assessment instruments reported in the research literature, carried out by Anne Gordon and Steven Klimidis. The preamble provides a description of how the references were obtained, and a link to the table of instruments by languages.

Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE): Multilingual versions
A commentary on clinical use and bibliography of versions in languages other than English. Literature referring to the Mini Mental State Examination in different language groups was examined and presented as a bibliography of research using different language versions of this instrument.

PRIME-MD in Greek, Italian and Vietnamese
The PRIME-MD is a two-part questionnaire designed to aid the diagnosis of mental disorders in general practice. The Victorian Transcultural Psychiatry Unit, with support from the copyright holder, Pfizer Pty. Ltd., has translated this instrument into three community languages. No foreign fonts are necessary, but you will need to download the latest version of Adobe Acrobat Reader to view and print the documents.

Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ)
The SDQ is a brief behavioural screening questionnaire about 3-16 year olds, available in multiple languages.


Please send us details of where to obtain other translated research instruments.