RESOURCES | Community Profiles: Immigrant and Refugee Communities in Australia
bottom

This webpage comprises a compilation of links to profiles on more than 160 immigrant and refugee communities in Australia available on various Australian (and some international) websites. Information provided by each profile varies and is briefly described in the Contents of site column.  Content may include demographic information about the communities in Australia, cultural information such as religious beliefs and traditional practices, mental health information where available, and historical and economic background in the home country.

Some communities have more than one link.  The Victorian Transcultural Psychiatry Unit takes no responsibility for the quality and accuracy of the information on the linked websites.  Suggestions for additions to this webpage are welcomed vtpu@svhm.org.au.  

Note: Fact files on almost all overseas countries may be found at The SBS World Guide and The Central Intelligence Agency World Fact Book. These sites do not provide cultural background or mental health information, but each has a drop-down list for the majority of countries in the world with information on geography, religion, language, history, government, international relations, economy, education and welfare.

Information for this webpage was researched and compiled by Azra Alimanovic, Psychology Student, Graduate Diploma in Psychology, Monash University, 2007, assisted by contributions from VTPU staff.


Communities are listed in alphabetical order – scroll to find the community you're looking for, or search by pressing CTRL/F, and then enter the community name.

Community Source website Contents of site
Afghanistan Forced Migration Online - UK Refugee and displacement issues. Has some information on culture
Afghanistan Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Afghanistan Victoria Community Profiles 2006 Census - Victorian Office of Multicultural Affairs Statistics on Afghanis in Victoria, age, gender, language, religion, internet use, qualifications, employment, income, family
Afghanistan Refugee Health and Research Centre – La Trobe University Information on Victorian seniors from refugee backgrounds including: circumstances of displacement, migration categories, settlement in Australia, languages, demographics, dispersion in Victoria, cultural norms, family, gender, health & wellbeing issues.
Albania Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Algeria Forced Migration Online - UK Research guide on refugee and displacement issues-has some information on culture
Amharic (an Ethiopian language) EthnoMed Cultural profile, symptoms, health and illness(Site still in development)
Angola Forced Migration Online - UK Research guide on refugee and displacement issues-has some information on culture
Anguilla Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Antigua & Barbuda Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Argentina Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Australia-born Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Austria Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Azerbaijan Forced Migration Online - UK Research guide on refugee and displacement issues-has some information on culture, mostly demographics
Bahamas Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Bangladesh Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Bangladesh Victorian Community Profiles 2006 Census -Victorian Office of Multicultural Affairs Statistics on Bangladeshi in Victoria: age, gender, language, religion, internet use, qualifications, employment, income, family
Barbados Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Belgium Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Belize Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Bermuda Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Bhutan Department of Immigration Bhutanese community in Australia, pre-arrival experience, refugee camps, settlement considerations, background information., ethnicity, language, family, gender, religion, dress, food, health, education, economy, history, politics.
Bosnia and Herzegovina Department of Immigration Religion, migration, patient interaction, health beliefs & practices, utilisation of health services, psychosocial stressors, mental health, aged, women’s health, family planning.
Bosnia and Herzegovina Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Bosnia and Herzegovina Victorian Community Profiles 2006 Census - Victorian Office of Multicultural Affairs Statistics on Bosnians in Victoria: age, gender, language, religion, internet use, qualifications, employment, income, family
Bosnia and Herzegovina Refugee Health and Research Centre – La Trobe University Information on Victorian seniors from refugee backgrounds including: circumstances of displacement, migration categories, settlement in Australia, languages, demographics, dispersion in Victoria, cultural norms, family, gender, health & wellbeing issues.
Botswana Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Brazil Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
British Virgin Islands Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Brunei Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Bulgaria Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Burma Cultural Orientation Resource Centre                  This profile provides information about the diverse histories, cultures, and refugee experiences of the refugees from Burma, with a focus on the Burmans, the Karen and their various subgroups, and the Chin. Designed as a resource for refugee service providers but likely to be of use to teachers, local government agency staff, and others who interact with the Burmese, the profile also addresses the early experiences of the Burmese already resettled in the U.S.
Burma Forced Migration Online - UK Research guide on refugee and displacement issues-has some information on culture, mostly demographics
Burma 1. Queensland Government
2. Queensland Government
3. Queensland Government
Information for Health Workers. Description of Karen-Burmese culture, health, history, and refugee background - in 3-part presentation
Burma Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Burma Victorian Community Profiles 2006 Census - Victorian Office of Multicultural Affairs Statistics on Burmese in Victoria: age, gender, language, religion, internet use, qualifications, employment, income, family
Burma Department of Immigration Community in Australia, pre-arrival experience, refugee camps, settlement considerations, background information., ethnicity, language, family, gender, religion, dress, food, health, education, economy, history, politics.
Burma Refugee Health Research Centre – La Trobe University Information on Victorian seniors from refugee backgrounds including: circumstances of displacement, migration categories, settlement in Australia, languages, demographics, dispersion in Victoria, cultural norms, family, gender, health & wellbeing issues.
Cambodia EthnoMed Cultural profile, symptoms, health and illness(site still in development)
Cambodia Queensland Government Names, patient interactions, health in Australia., health utilisation, psychosocial stressors, mental health, youth, children, women, family planning
Cambodia Southeast Asia Resource Action Centre Describes recent history that led to refugee status
Cambodia APIA HF Health Brief Although specific to US, contains information on mental & physical health issues among Cambodians
Cambodia Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Cambodia Refugee Health Research Centre - La Trobe University Information on Victorian seniors from refugee backgrounds including: circumstances of displacement, migration categories, settlement in Australia, languages, demographics, dispersion in Victoria, cultural norms, family, gender, health & wellbeing issues.
Cambodia Migrant Information Centre – Eastern Melbourne Home & Personal Care Kit: Migration background, local demographics, language, religion, attitudes to aging, disability & mental illness, customs/values, communication styles, naming conventions, health beliefs & practices greetings, festivals/dates.
Cameroon Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Canada Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Cayman Islands Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Chile Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
China Migrant Information Centre – Eastern Melbourne Home & Personal Care Kit: Migration background, local demographics, language, religion, attitudes to aging, disability & mental illness, customs/values, communication styles, naming conventions, health beliefs & practices greetings, festivals/dates.
China EthnoMed Cultural profile, symptoms, health and illness (site still in development)
China Queensland Government Patient interaction, health in Australia, health beliefs & practices, utilisation of health services, psychosocial stressors, mental health, children, women
China Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
China Victorian Community Profiles 2006 Census – Victorian Multicultural Commission   Statistics on Chinese in Victoria: age, gender, language, religion, internet use, qualifications, employment, income, family
Colombia Forced Migration Online - UK Research guide on refugee and displacement issues-has some information on culture, mostly demographics
Colombia Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Congo, Democratic Republic of Department of Immigration Community in Australia, pre-arrival experience, refugee camps, settlement considerations, background information., ethnicity, language, family, gender, religion, dress, food, health, education, economy, history, politics.
Cook Islands Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Croatia Queensland Government Migration, patient interaction, health beliefs & practices, health utilisation, health in Australia, psychosocial stressors, mental health, children, women, aged, family planning
Croatia Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Croatia Victorian Community Profiles 2006 Census – Victorian Multicultural Commission Statistics on Croatians in Victoria: age, gender, language, religion, internet use, qualifications, employment, income, family
Croatia Refugee Health and Research Centre - La Trobe University Information on Victorian seniors from refugee backgrounds including: circumstances of displacement, migration categories, settlement in Australia, languages, demographics, dispersion in Victoria, cultural norms, family, gender, health & wellbeing issues.
Cyprus Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Czech Republic Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Denmark Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Dominica Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
East Timor Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
East Timor Refugee Health Research Centre - La Trobe University Information on Victorian seniors from refugee backgrounds including: circumstances of displacement, migration categories, settlement in Australia, languages, demographics, dispersion in Victoria, cultural norms, family, gender, health & wellbeing issues.
Egypt Forced Migration Online - UK Research guide on refugee and displacement issues-has some information on culture, mostly demographics
Egypt Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Egypt Refugee Health Research Centre - La Trobe University Information on Victorian seniors from refugee backgrounds including: circumstances of displacement, migration categories, settlement in Australia, languages, demographics, dispersion in Victoria, cultural norms, family, gender, health & wellbeing issues.
Egypt Migrant Information Centre – Eastern Melbourne Home & Personal Care Kit: Migration background, local demographics, language, religion, attitudes to aging, disability & mental illness, customs/values, communication styles, naming conventions, health beliefs & practices greetings, festivals/dates.
El Salvador Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
El Salvador Victorian Community Profiles 2006 Census – Victorian Multicultural Commission Statistics on El Salvadorians in Victoria, age, gender, language, religion, internet use, qualifications, employment, income, family
England Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Eritrea Migrant Resource Centre – North West Country information, history, demographics, language, religion, refugee issues, demographics in Australia & western suburbs, settlement issues – culture, family reunification and health.
Eritrea EthnoMed Cultural profile, symptoms, health and illness (site still in development)
Eritrea Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Eritrea Victorian Community Profiles 2006 Census – Victorian Multicultural Commission Statistics on Eritreans in Victoria, age, gender, language, religion, internet use, qualifications, employment, income, family
Eritrea Department of Immigration Community in Australia, pre-arrival experience, refugee camps, settlement considerations, background information., ethnicity, language, family, gender, religion, dress, food, health, education, economy, history, politics.
Eritrea Refugee Health Research Centre - La Trobe University Information on Victorian seniors from refugee backgrounds including: circumstances of displacement, migration categories, settlement in Australia, languages, demographics, dispersion in Victoria, cultural norms, family, gender, health & wellbeing issues.
Ethiopia Forced Migration Online - UK Research guide on refugee and displacement issues-has some information on culture, mostly demographics
Ethiopia EthnoMed Cultural profile, symptoms, health and illness (Site still in development)
Ethiopia Migrant Resource Centre – North West Region Recent history of Ethiopia, Ethiopian settlement in North-West Melbourne, information from interviews with Amharic-speaking community, information about Tigrigna community.
Ethiopia Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Ethiopia Victorian Community Profiles 2006 Census – Victorian Multicultural Commission Statistics on Ethiopians in Victoria, age, gender, language, religion, internet use, qualifications, employment, income, family
Ethiopia Department of Immigration Community in Australia, pre-arrival experience, refugee camps, settlement considerations, background information., ethnicity, language, family, gender, religion, dress, food, health, education, economy, history, politics.
Ethiopia Refugee Health Research Centre - La Trobe University Information on Victorian seniors from refugee backgrounds including: circumstances of displacement, migration categories, settlement in Australia, languages, demographics, dispersion in Victoria, cultural norms, family, gender, health & wellbeing issues.
Falkland Islands Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Fiji Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Finland Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
France Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Gambia Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Gaza Strip & West Bank Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Georgia Forced Migration Online - UK Research guide on refugee and displacement issues-has some information on culture, mostly demographics
Germany Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Germany Migrant Information Centre – Eastern Melbourne Home & Personal Care Kit: Migration background, local demographics, language, religion, attitudes to aging, disability & mental illness, customs/values, communication styles, naming conventions, health beliefs & practices greetings, festivals/dates.
Ghana Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Gibraltar Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Greece Queensland Government Patient interaction, health in Australia , utilisation of health services, psychosocial stress, aged, mental health, health beliefs & practices,
Greece Migrant Information Centre – Eastern Melbourne Home & Personal Care Kit: Migration background, local demographics, language, religion, attitudes to aging, disability & mental illness, customs/values, communication styles, naming conventions, health beliefs & practices greetings, festivals/dates.
Greece Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Grenada Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia
Guatemala Forced Migration Online - UK Research guide on varying refugee and displacement issues - has some information on culture, mostly demographics
Guernsey & Jersey Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia
Guyana Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia
Hmong Queensland Government Patient interaction, health utilisation, health in Australia , health beliefs & practices, mental health, psychosocial stressors, children, women.
Hmong Southeast Asia Action Resource Centre Describes recent history that led to refugee status
Hmong Hmong Health Organisation Includes information on cultural understanding of illness and traditional healing
Hong Kong Migrant Information Centre – Eastern Melbourne Home & Personal Care Kit: Migration background, local demographics, language, religion, attitudes to aging, disability & mental illness, customs/values, communication styles, naming conventions, health beliefs & practices greetings, festivals/dates.
Hong Kong Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Hungary Migrant Information Centre – Eastern Melbourne Home & Personal Care Kit: Migration background, local demographics, language, religion, attitudes to aging, disability & mental illness, customs/values, communication styles, naming conventions, health beliefs & practices greetings, festivals/dates.
Hungary Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
India Asian Culture Brief Beliefs about illness & other cultural information.
India Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
India Victorian Community Profiles 2006 Census – Victorian Multicultural Commission Statistics on Indians in Victoria, age, gender, language, religion, internet use, qualifications, employment, income, family
India Migrant Information Centre – Eastern Melbourne Home & Personal Care Kit: Migration background, local demographics, language, religion, attitudes to aging, disability & mental illness, customs/values, communication styles, naming conventions, health beliefs & practices greetings, festivals/dates.
Indonesia Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Indonesia Victorian Community Profiles 2006 Census – Victorian Multicultural Commission Statistics on Indonesians in Victoria, age, gender, language, religion, internet use, qualifications, employment, income, family
Iran Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Iran Victorian Community Profiles 2006 Census – Victorian Multicultural Commission Statistics on Iranians in Victoria, age, gender, language, religion, internet use, qualifications, employment, income, family
Iran Refugee Health Research Centre – La Trobe University Information on Victorian seniors from refugee backgrounds including: circumstances of displacement, migration categories, settlement in Australia, languages, demographics, dispersion in Victoria, cultural norms, family, gender, health & wellbeing issues.
Iran Migrant Information Centre – Eastern Melbourne Home & Personal Care Kit: Migration background, local demographics, language, religion, attitudes to aging, disability & mental illness, customs/values, communication styles, naming conventions, health beliefs & practices greetings, festivals/dates.
Iraq Forced Migration Online - UK Research guide on refugee and displacement issues-has some information on culture, mostly demographics
Iraq Migrant Resource Centre – North West Region Country information., recent history, settlement in Australia, stats., contacts, settlement experiences of Iraqi-born Arab, Assyrian, &  Kurdish communities
Iraq Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Iraq Victorian Community Profiles 2006 Census – Victorian Multicultural Commission Statistics on Iraqis in Victoria., age, gender, language, religion, internet use, qualifications, employment, income, family
Iraq Refugee Health and Research Centre - La Trobe University Information on Victorian seniors from refugee backgrounds including: circumstances of displacement, migration categories, settlement in Australia, languages, demographics, dispersion in Victoria, cultural norms, family, gender, health & wellbeing issues.
Ireland Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Isle of Man Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Israel Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Italy Queensland Government Patient interactions, health in Australia, mental health, utilisation of health services, aged, health beliefs & practices, children, women
Italy Co.As.It (Italian Assistance Association Migration, language, religion, family & society, communication style, health beliefs & practices, interpreters, lifestyle, health status, health care utilisation, mental health, health care of ages, women’s health
Italy Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Italy Victorian Community Profiles 2006 Census – Victorian Multicultural Commission Statistics on Italians in Victoria, age, gender, language, religion, internet use, qualifications, employment, income, family
Italy Migrant Information Centre – Eastern Melbourne Home & Personal Care Kit: Migration background, local demographics, language, religion, attitudes to aging, disability & mental illness, customs/values, communication styles, naming conventions, health beliefs & practices greetings, festivals/dates.
Jamaica Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Japan Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Jordan Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Kenya Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Kiribati Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Korea Centre for International Rehabilitation Research Information & Exchange Cultural background, health beliefs & practices, patient interaction
Korea Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Kuwait Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Laos Southeast Asia Resource Action Centre Describes recent history of these refugees.
Laos Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Laos Victorian Community Profiles 2006 Census – Victorian Multicultural Commission Statistics on Laotians in Victoria, age, gender, language, religion, internet use, qualifications, employment, income, family
Laos Refugee Health Research Centre - La Trobe University Information on Victorian seniors from refugee backgrounds including: circumstances of displacement, migration categories, settlement in Australia, languages, demographics, dispersion in Victoria, cultural norms, family, gender, health & wellbeing issues.
Laos Migrant Information Centre – Eastern Melbourne Home & Personal Care Kit: Migration background, local demographics, language, religion, attitudes to aging, disability & mental illness, customs/values, communication styles, naming conventions, health beliefs & practices greetings, festivals/dates.
Latin America Queensland Government Patient interaction, migration, health utilisation, health in Australia , health beliefs & practices, psychosocial stressors, mental health, children, women,
Latvia Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Lebanon Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Lebanon Victorian Community Profiles 2006 Census – Victorian Multicultural Commission Statistics on Lebanese in Victoria: age, gender, language, religion, internet use, qualifications, employment, income, family
Lebanon Refugee Health and Research Centre – La Trobe University Information on Victorian seniors from refugee backgrounds including: circumstances of displacement, migration categories, settlement in Australia, languages, demographics, dispersion in Victoria, cultural norms, family, gender, health & wellbeing issues.
Lesotho Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Liberia Migrant Resource Centre – North West Country information, history, demographics, language, culture, values, practices, religion, demographics in Australia, settlement issues.
Liberia Forced Migration Online - UK Research guide on refugee and displacement issues-has some information on culture, mostly demographics
Liberia Department of Immigration Community in Australia, pre-arrival experience, refugee camps, settlement considerations, background information., ethnicity, language, family, gender, religion, dress, food, health, education, economy, history, politics.
Lithuania Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Macedonia Victorian Community Profiles 2006 Census – Victorian Multicultural Commission Statistics on Macedonians in Victoria: age, gender, language, religion, internet use, qualifications, employment, income, family
Macedonia Migrant Information Centre – Eastern Melbourne Home & Personal Care Kit: Migration background, local demographics, language, religion, attitudes to aging, disability & mental illness, customs/values, communication styles, naming conventions, health beliefs & practices greetings, festivals/dates.
Malaysia Migrant Information Centre – Eastern Melbourne Home & Personal Care Kit: Migration background, local demographics, language, religion, attitudes to aging, disability & mental illness, customs/values, communication styles, naming conventions, health beliefs & practices greetings, festivals/dates.
Malaysia Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Malawi Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Maldives Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Malta Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Mauritius Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Meskhetian Turks                 Cultural Orientation Resource Centre This profile provides general information about Meskhetian Turks and their history. Topics covered include Meskhetian Turk communities around the world, culture, language and education, and resettlement in the United States, as well as recommended reading.
Mexico Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Montserrat Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Mozambique Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Namibia Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Nauru Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Nepal Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Netherlands Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Netherlands Migrant Information Centre – Eastern Melbourne Home & Personal Care Kit: Migration background, local demographics, language, religion, attitudes to aging, disability & mental illness, customs/values, communication styles, naming conventions, health beliefs & practices greetings, festivals/dates.
New Zealand Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Nigeria Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Niue Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Norfolk Island Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Northern Island Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Norway Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Oromo EthnoMed Cultural profile, symptoms, health and illness (site still in development)
Pakistan Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Pakistan Victorian Community Profiles 2006 Census – Victorian Multicultural Commission Statistics on Pakistanis in Victoria, age, gender, language, religion, internet use, qualifications, employment, income, family
Papua New Guinea Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Peru Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Philippines Queensland Government Patient interaction, health in Australia., health utilisation, health beliefs & practices, psychosocial stressors, mental health, women, children.
Philippines Migrant Information Centre – Eastern Melbourne "We are Filipino". Guide to health care of Filipino seniors. Demographics, language and culture of the Philippines . Importance of family & religion, emotions and values, respect for elders, services to seniors.
Philippines Migrant Resource Centre – North West Region Country information, recent history, settlement in Australia, statistics, contacts.
Philippines Migrant Information Centre – Eastern Melbourne Home & Personal Care Kit: Migration background, local demographics, language, religion, attitudes to aging, disability & mental illness, customs/values, communication styles, naming conventions, health beliefs & practices greetings, festivals/dates.
Philippines Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Poland Migrant Information Centre – Eastern Melbourne Home & Personal Care Kit: Migration background, local demographics, language, religion, attitudes to aging, disability & mental illness, customs/values, communication styles, naming conventions, health beliefs & practices greetings, festivals/dates.
Poland Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Portugal Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Romania Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Romania Victorian Community Profiles 2006 Census – Victorian Multicultural Commission Statistics on Romanians in Victoria, age, gender, language, religion, internet use, qualifications, employment, income, family
Russia University of Washington Medical Centre - Culture Clues Perception of illness, pattern of kinship and decision making, comfort with touch.
Russia Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Russia (Russia Federation) Victorian Community Profiles 2006 Census – Victorian Multicultural Commission Statistics on Russians in Victoria, age, gender, language, religion, internet use, qualifications, employment, income, family
Rwanda Forced Migration Online - UK Research guide on refugee and displacement issues-has some information on culture
Samoa & Tonga Queensland Government Patient interaction, health beliefs & practices, health in Australia., health utilisation, psychosocial stressors, mental health, aged, children, women
Samoa & Tonga Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Saudi Arabia Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Serbia Queensland Government Patient interactions, health beliefs & practices, health in Australia. , mental health, health utilisation, aged, family planning, children, women.
Serbia Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Serbia Victorian Community Profiles 2006 Census – Victorian Multicultural Commission Statistics on Serbians in Victoria, age, gender, language, religion, internet use, qualifications, employment, income, family
Serbia Refugee Health Research Centre - La Trobe University Information on Victorian seniors from refugee backgrounds including: circumstances of displacement, migration categories, settlement in Australia, languages, demographics, dispersion in Victoria, cultural norms, family, gender, health & wellbeing issues.
Seychelles Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Sierra Leone Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Sierra Leone Department of Immigration Community in Australia, pre-arrival experience, refugee camps, settlement considerations, background information., ethnicity, language, family, gender, religion, dress, food, health, education, economy, history, politics.
Singapore Migrant Information Centre – Eastern Melbourne Home & Personal Care Kit: Migration background, local demographics, language, religion, attitudes to aging, disability & mental illness, customs/values, communication styles, naming conventions, health beliefs & practices greetings, festivals/dates.
Singapore Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Slovakia Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Slovenia Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Slovenia Victorian Community Profiles 2006 Census – Victorian Multicultural Commission Statistics on Slovenians in Victoria, age, gender, language, religion, internet use, qualifications, employment, income, family
Solomon Islands Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Somalia Forced Migration Online - UK Research guide on varying refugee and displacement issues-has some information on culture
Somalia EthnoMed Cultural profile, symptoms, health and illness (site still in development).
Somalia University of Washington Medical Centre - Culture Clues Guidelines on health issues & patient interaction.
Somalia Minnesota International Health Volunteers Research findings of focus groups regarding diet & physical activity in the Somali community
Somalia Migrant Resource Centre – North West Region Country information, recent history, settlement in Western Region of Victoria, statistics.
Somalia Migrant Resource Centre – North West Region Country information., Somalis in Victoria/Australia., Discrimination, religion, language, causes & beliefs about disability, treatments/cure of disability, disability & Somali community in Australia, recommendations
Somalia Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Somalia Victorian Community Profiles 2006 Census – Victorian Multicultural Commission Statistics on Somalis in Victoria, age, gender, language, religion, internet use, qualifications, employment, income, family
Somalia Refugee Health Research Centre - La Trobe University Information on Victorian seniors from refugee backgrounds including: circumstances of displacement, migration categories, settlement in Australia, languages, demographics, dispersion in Victoria, cultural norms, family, gender, health & wellbeing issues.
South Africa Victorian Community Profiles 2006 Census – Victorian Multicultural Commission Statistics on South African's in Victoria, age, gender, language, religion, internet use, qualifications, employment, income, family

South Africa

Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
South Korean Victorian Community Profiles 2006 Census – Victorian Multicultural Commission Statistics on South Korean's in Victoria, age, gender, language, religion, internet use, qualifications, employment, income, family
Spain Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Spain     Victorian Community Profiles 2006 Census – Victorian Multicultural Commission Statistics on Spaniards in Victoria, age, gender, language, religion, internet use, qualifications, employment, income, family
Sri Lanka Forced Migration Online - UK Research guide on refugee and displacement issues-has some information on culture, mostly demographics
Sri Lanka Migrant Information Centre – Eastern Melbourne "One Community, Many Voices". Comprehensive information on background in the City of Monash: employment, health aged care, family relationships, local services, social and religious needs.
Sri Lanka Migrant Information Centre – Eastern Melbourne Home & Personal Care Kit: Migration background, local demographics, language, religion, attitudes to aging, disability & mental illness, customs/values, communication styles, naming conventions, health beliefs & practices greetings, festivals/dates.
Sri Lanka Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Sri Lanka Victorian Community Profiles 2006 Census – Victorian Multicultural Commission Statistics on Sri Lankans in Victoria, age, gender, language, religion, internet use, qualifications, employment, income, family
St Helena Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
St Kitts & Nevis Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
St Lucia Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
St Vincent & the Grenadines Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Sudan Forced Migration Online - UK Research guide on varying refugee and displacement issues
Sudan, Southern Migrant Information Centre - Eastern Melbourne Marriage, family composition, roles and responsibilities. gender roles, attitudes to pregnancy, birth, children and their behaviour. Changes in family structure in Australia , Sudanese concept of confidentiality, attitudes to disabilities, mental illness, domestic violence, divorce/separation, death
Sudan, Southern Migrant Information Centre - Eastern Melbourne Demographics, religion, culture, economy, history, and ethnic composition of Sudan .  Demographics of Sudanese in Victoria, settlement needs.
Sudan Migrant Resource Centre – North West Country information, history, demographics, Sudanese in Victoria & western suburbs, language, education, English proficiency, religion, culture & family, environment & cross-cultural issues, impact of trauma, health, employment, list of Sudanese groups/contacts.
Sudan Monash University & Western Region Health Centre "I would rather they tell me" - Sudanese refugees' experiences of health assessment: A pilot study
Sudan Victorian Foundation for the Survivors of Torture War & sexual violence, seeking refuge, specific health concerns, investigative & procedural implications, specialist referral (VIC) resources.
Sudan Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Sudan Department of Immigration Community in Australia, pre-arrival experience, refugee camps, settlement considerations, background information., ethnicity, language, family, gender, religion, dress, food, health, education, economy, history, politics.
Sudan Refugee Health Research Centre - La Trobe University Information on Victorian seniors from refugee backgrounds including: circumstances of displacement, migration categories, settlement in Australia, languages, demographics, dispersion in Victoria, cultural norms, family, gender, health & wellbeing issues.
Sudan Victorian Community Profiles 2006 Census – Victorian Multicultural Commission Statistics on Sudanese in Victoria, age, gender, language, religion, internet use, qualifications, employment, income, family
Sweden Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Sweden     Victorian Community Profiles 2006 Census – Victorian Multicultural Commission Statistics on Swedish in Victoria, age, gender, language, religion, internet use, qualifications, employment, income, family
Swaziland Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Switzerland Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Syria Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Syria     Victorian Community Profiles 2006 Census – Victorian Multicultural Commission Statistics on Syrians in Victoria, age, gender, language, religion, internet use, qualifications, employment, income, family
Taiwan Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Taiwan Victorian Community Profiles 2006 Census – Victorian Multicultural Commission Statistics on Taiwanese in Victoria, age, gender, language, religion, internet use, qualifications, employment, income, family
Tanzania Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Thailand Forced Migration Online - UK Research guide on varying refugee and displacement issues-has some information on culture, mostly demographics
Thailand Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Thailand Victorian Community Profiles 2006 Census – Victorian Multicultural Commission Statistics on Thai in Victoria, age, gender, language, religion, internet use, qualifications, employment, income, family
Tigray EthnoMed Cultural profile, symptoms, health and illness (site still in development)
Trinidad & Tobago Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Togo Department of Immigration Community in Australia, pre-arrival experience, refugee camps, settlement considerations, background information., ethnicity, language, family, gender, religion, dress, food, health, education, economy, history, politics.
Tonga Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Turkey Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Turkey Turkish Odyssey Comprehensive information on language, religion, people, settlements, holidays, folk heroes, mythology arts.
Turkey Victorian Community Profiles 2006 Census – Victorian Multicultural Commission Statistics on Turkish in Victoria, age, gender, language, religion, internet use, qualifications, employment, income, family
Tuvalu Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Uganda Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Ukraine Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Ukraine Victorian Community Profiles 2006 Census – Victorian Multicultural Commission Statistics on Ukrainians in Victoria, age, gender, language, religion, internet use, qualifications, employment, income, family
United Arab Emirates Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
United Kingdom Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Uruguay Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Uruguay Victorian Community Profiles 2006 Census – Victorian Multicultural Commission Statistics in Victoria, age, gender, language, religion, internet use, qualifications, employment, income, family
USA Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
USA Victorian Community Profiles 2006 Census – Victorian Multicultural Commission Statistics on American's in Victoria, age, gender, language, religion, internet use, qualifications, employment, income, family
Uzbek Department of Immigration Community in Australia, pre-arrival experience, refugee camps, settlement considerations, background information., ethnicity, language, family, gender, religion, dress, food, health, education, economy, history, politics.
Vanuatu Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Venezuela Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Vietnam EthnoMed Cultural profile, symptoms, health and illness (site still in development)
Vietnam Queensland Government Patient interaction, health in Australia., names, health beliefs & practices, health utilisation, psychosocial stressors, mental health, children, women, family planning
Vietnam Southeast Asia Resource Action Centre Describes recent history that led to refugee status
Vietnam Culture Care perception of illness, patterns of kinship & decision making, comfort with touch
Vietnam Migrant Information Centre – Eastern Melbourne "Supporting Vietnamese Families", a culturally appropriate service model
Vietnam Migrant Resource Centre – North West Region Country information, recent history, demographics, settlement in Australia, contacts
Vietnam Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Vietnam Victorian Community Profiles 2006 Census – Victorian Multicultural Commission Statistics on Vietnamese in Victoria, age, gender, language, religion, internet use, qualifications, employment, income, family
Vietnam Refugee Health Research Centre - La Trobe University Information on Victorian seniors from refugee backgrounds including: circumstances of displacement, migration categories, settlement in Australia, languages, demographics, dispersion in Victoria, cultural norms, family, gender, health & wellbeing issues.
Vietnam Migrant Information Centre – Eastern Melbourne Home & Personal Care Kit: Migration background, local demographics, language, religion, attitudes to aging, disability & mental illness, customs/values, communication styles, naming conventions, health beliefs & practices greetings, festivals/dates.
Vietnam     DUNG HOP report Western Region Outreach Service Demographics, engaging the community, working with the Vietnamese community in a PDRSS setting
Wales Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Wales Victorian Community Profiles 2006 Census – Victorian Multicultural Commission  
Western Sahara Forced Migration Online - UK Research guide on refugee and displacement issues-has some information on culture, mostly demographics
Western Sahara Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Zambia Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Zimbabwe Department of Immigration Demographics in Australia.
Zimbabwe     Victorian Community Profiles 2006 Census – Victorian Multicultural Commission Statistics on Zimbabwean in Victoria, age, gender, language, religion, internet use, qualifications, employment, income, family